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Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 02

Volume/Issue: 34/2

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451938265

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial stability, macroeconomic management, low-income countries

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In the news: De Rato urges Andean nations to accelerate reforms

In the news: De Rato urges Andean nations to accelerate reforms »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 34/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451938302

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial stability, macroeconomic management, economic integration

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

IMF lending: Stand-By, EFF, and PRGF arrangements as of January 31

IMF lending: Stand-By, EFF, and PRGF arrangements as of January 31 »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 34/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451938302

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial stability, macroeconomic management, economic integration

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Forum: Many countries still lack a fully transparent budget process

Forum: Many countries still lack a fully transparent budget process »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 34/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451938302

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial stability, macroeconomic management, economic integration

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth

Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth »

Source: Macroeconomic Policies and Long-Term Growth : A Conceptual and Empirical Review

Volume/Issue: 1991/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451844566

Keywords: economic growth, gnp, growth rate, terms of trade, per capita income

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical aspects of the relationship between macroeconomic policies and the long-run rate of growth of GNP. The macroeconomic policies examined include fiscal policies, monet...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Source: ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

How Big Are the Benefits of Economic Diversification? Evidence from Earthquakes

How Big Are the Benefits of Economic Diversification? Evidence from Earthquakes »

Source: How Big Are the Benefits of Economic Diversification? Evidence from Earthquakes

Volume/Issue: 2005/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860672

Keywords: Risk, diversification, earthquakes, earthquake, disasters, epidemiology of disasters, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment

Economic activity is risky. Returns across economic sectors can be highly variable, potentially causing costly adjustments to consumption. However, when returns are imperfectly correlated across sectors and insuran...