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The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness »

Source: The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2007/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , Deniz Igan , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866612

Keywords: International competitiveness, Product quality, reer, trading partners, export growth, world exports, export performance, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Technological Change: Other,

Despite the appreciation of the exchange rate, the eight Central and Eastern European countries (the CEE-8) that entered the European Union in May 2004 have achieved a decade of impressive export growth, expanding...

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run »

Source: Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run : the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2010/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Surico , Luca Ricci , and Pierpaolo Benigno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209590

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, downward wage rigidities, unemployment rate, employment, unemployment rates, rate of unemployment, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

We propose a theory of low-frequency movements in unemployment based on asymmetric real wage rigidities. The theory generates two main predictions: long-run unemployment increases with (i) a fall in long-run produc...