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Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Source: Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Background Document 5: A Review of IMF Exchange Rate Surveillance in 30 Economies, 1999–2005

Background Document 5: A Review of IMF Exchange Rate Surveillance in 30 Economies, 1999–2005 »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. This background document presents a summary of major findings from the IEO’s in-depth review of IMF exchange rate surveillance in 30 economies, which was designed to supplement the full review of document...

Chapter 3: What Has Been the Quality of IMF Analysis and Advice?

Chapter 3: What Has Been the Quality of IMF Analysis and Advice? »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

18. There is a disconnect between the perceptions of staff and of the authorities regarding the quality of IMF exchange rate analysis and assessment—particu-larly in respect of advice to major advanced and l...

Background Document 6: IEO Survey of the Authorities and Staff

Background Document 6: IEO Survey of the Authorities and Staff »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. This background document summarizes the results from the IEO survey of country authorities and IMF staff. The first section sets out the methodology. The second section summarizes the main survey find-ing...

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil

Chapter 20. Macroeconomic Implications of Pension Reform in Brazil »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction The long-term challenges facing Brazil’s pension system are well documented. Recognizing these challenges, the authorities have sought to advance reforms. Much of the de...