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5 Budget Laws, Control, Review, and Management in China

5 Budget Laws, Control, Review, and Management in China »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The development of a framework of budget laws in China is important in clarifying and managing the financial resources of the government and is crucial in establishi...

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION China’s private consumption as a share of GDP has declined from around 55 percent in the early 1980s to around 37 percent in 2008. The decline in a country’s share of pr...

CHAPTER 5 Employment Effects of Growth Rebalancing in China

CHAPTER 5 Employment Effects of Growth Rebalancing in China »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION There is a growing sense, as noted in Chapter 4, that China’s export-oriented growth will be difficult to sustain over the medium to longer term and that shifting toward...

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Local taxes enhance the autonomy of local governments and their accountability. The joint effect is to enable citizens to influence the quantity and the mix of servi...

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the changing composition of China’s trade within the context of the reform of the Chinese economy and to discuss its...

Chapter 3 Fiscal Deficits and the Inflation Process

Chapter 3 Fiscal Deficits and the Inflation Process »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

Costs of Inflation There is no doubt that high rates of inflation impose serious costs upon the affected economies. Much of the literature on this subject is couched in terms of the...

CHAPTER 2: Public Health Care Spending: Past Trends

CHAPTER 2: Public Health Care Spending: Past Trends »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

This chapter analyzes the health care spending trends of 27 advanced economies and 23 emerging economies over the past four decades. Total health expenditures have risen sharply dur...

CHAPTER 6: Containing Public Health Spending: Lessons from Experiences of Advanced Economies

CHAPTER 6: Containing Public Health Spending: Lessons from Experiences of Advanced Economies »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Public health spending in advanced economies is projected to rise by an average of 3 percentage points of GDP over the next 20 years and by 6½ percentage points of GDP in the next 4...

Chapter 6. The Future of Asia’s Financial Sector

Chapter 6. The Future of Asia’s Financial Sector »

Source: The Future of Asian Finance

Series: Books

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Cheng Lim , Chikahisa Sumi , James Walsh , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2015

ISBN: 9781498317191

Keywords: bond, markets, investment, market, financial crisis

Main Points of this Chapter As incomes in Asia continue to rise rapidly, they are likely to be accompanied by a further rapid deepening of the regi...

CHAPTER 3: New Projections of Public Health Spending, 2010–50

CHAPTER 3: New Projections of Public Health Spending, 2010–50 »

Source: The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Public health spending has been increasing rapidly in advanced economies, but there have been only modest increases in emerging economies in the past decades. Will these trends cont...