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Middle East and Central Asia

Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

China'S Integration Into the World Economy

China'S Integration Into the World Economy »

Source: China'S Integration Into the World Economy : Implications for Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/245

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451875867

Keywords: WTO accession, export competition, FDI diversion, fdi, industrial countries, trading partners, terms of trade, world trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

Although the rest of the world had waited a long time for China to open up, feelings were mixed when it actually did and began to integrate rapidly with the world economy. With the country’s recent accession...

Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates

Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates »

Source: Spillover Effects of Exchange Rates : A Study of the Renminbi

Volume/Issue: 2012/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Prachi Mishra , and Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502626

Keywords: spillover, exchange rate, exporter, exporters, real exchange rate, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

This paper estimates the impact of China's exchange rate changes on exports of competitor countries in third markets, which we call the "spillover effect". We use recent theory to develop an identification strategy...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow"

And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow" »

Source: And Schumpeter Said, "This is How Thou Shalt Grow" : Further Quest for Economic Growth in Poor Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Beaugrand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451846003

Keywords: Growth, Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Schumpeter, J.A., economic growth, entrepreneurs, per capita income, J.A,

The paper reviews the “stylized facts” on economic growth gathered by Easterly and Levine in their 2001 joint paper and illustrates some of the points made on the basis of data from the IMF’s W...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 »

Source: Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness

Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness »

Source: Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness : An Empirical Approach

Volume/Issue: 2011/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Massara , and Luca Errico

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902964

Keywords: systemic, DOTS, network analysis, cross-border spillovers, contagion, trade sector, global trade, financial sector, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics

The paper focuses on systemically important jurisdictions in the global trade network, complementing recent IMF work on systemically important financial sectors. Using the IMF's Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)...

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports*

China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports* »

Source: China's Impacts on SSA through the Lens of Growth and Exports

Volume/Issue: 2017/288

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yibin Mu , Chu Wang , and Dong Frank Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335406

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Development, Exports, Growth, China Economy, SSA, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

The analysis of China's impacts on the 44 SSA countries reveals that: (i) after joining the WTO in 2001, China has started to impact significantly on SSA growth: one-percent increase in China's GDP per capita leads...

New Rates from New Weights

New Rates from New Weights »

Source: New Rates from New Weights

Volume/Issue: 2005/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861181

Keywords: Weight, effective exchange rate, exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, Trade: General, International Finance: General,

This paper describes the result and the methodology of updating nominal and real effective exchange rate weights on the basis of trade data over 1999-2001. The underlying framework is an updated version of the IMF'...