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Military Expenditure

Military Expenditure »

Source: Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region

Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region »

Source: Credit Growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia Region

Volume/Issue: 2008/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joe Crowley

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870428

Keywords: Credit Growth, Oil Inflows, export growth, oil producers, oil export,

Rapid private sector credit growth in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia has been a result of strong economic growth, financial deepening, and banks’ willingness to explore consumer credit marke...

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia : What is the Role of Oil?

Volume/Issue: 2008/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870749

Keywords: trade elasticities, current account adjustment, export prices, exporting countries, export volume, oil exports, oil exporters,

The analysis in this paper suggests that import and export volume elasticities are markedly lower in oil-exporting Middle East and Central Asian countries than in non-oil countries in the region. A key implication...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap »

Source: Growth Slowdowns and the Middle-Income Trap

Volume/Issue: 2013/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Romain Duval , Damien Puy , Yiqun Wu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2013

ISBN: 9781484330647

Keywords: growth, slowdown, middle income trap, Bayesian Model Averaging, per capita income, export diversification, gdp per capita, trade openness, growth rates, Bayesian Analysis

The “middle-income trap” is the phenomenon of hitherto rapidly growing economies stagnating at middle-income levels and failing to graduate into the ranks of high-income countries. In this study we ex...