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Recentralization in China?

Recentralization in China? »

Source: Recentralization in China?

Volume/Issue: 2002/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , Li Keping , Raju Singh , and Thomas Richardson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

ISBN: 9781451858273

Keywords: Intergovernmental Relations, local governments, fiscal decentralization, local government, fiscal system, local revenues, State And Local Government,

The paper assesses the changing nature of the relations between the provinces and the central government in China during the 1990s. It examines the fiscal reforms initiated in 1994 and subsequent developments. The...

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising? »

Source: Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870039

Keywords: household savings, age and cohort profiles of savings, borrowing constraints, precautionary savings financial development, demographics, expenditures, income growth, consumption growth, health expenditures, disposable income,

From 1995 to 2005, the average urban household saving rate in China rose by 7 percentage points, to 1/4 of disposable income. We use household-level data to explain the postponing of consumption despite rapid incom...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451834970

Keywords: expenditure, per, central bank, external debt, domestic savings, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues paper highlights that the financial performance of Sao Tomé and Príncipe, after improving in 1995, deteriorated again in 1996, while production continued to stagnate. In 1995, the authorities a...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

12. The Re-emergence of Japanese Banks in Asia

12. The Re-emergence of Japanese Banks in Asia »

Source: Japan's Economic Revival : Policy Challenges in a Globalized World

Series: Books

Author(s): Alessandro Zanello , and Daniel Citrin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2008

ISBN: 9780230219328

In an effort to diversify their lending and raise profits, Japanese banks are expanding overseas, particularly in other countries in Asia. 1 As the...

11 Asian Flu: Financial Crisis in the Pacific

11 Asian Flu: Financial Crisis in the Pacific »

Source: Tearing Down Walls : The International Monetary Fund 1990-1999

Series: Books

Author(s): James Boughton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2012

ISBN: 9781616350840

Gonville and Caius College (known fondly to students and faculty alike as “Keys”) was founded in 1348 as part of the University of Cambridge. It sits in the very heart of that even more ancient English city,...

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia and, despite recent progress in improving conditions for women and girls, gender inequality remains entrenched in most of the r...

Chapter 2: Twenty Years after the Asian Financial Crisis

Chapter 2: Twenty Years after the Asian Financial Crisis »

Source: Realizing Indonesia's Economic Potential

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis Breuer , Jaime Guajardo , and Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484337141

Keywords: Indonesia, Indonesia's economy

Introduction A plethora of studies have covered various crises and countries, yet crisis remains relevant for academic inquiry and discussion. Kindleberger and Aliber (2011) and Rein...