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Chapter 18. Latvia’s Multipillar Pension System: New Challenges in the Wake of the Economic Crisis

Chapter 18. Latvia’s Multipillar Pension System: New Challenges in the Wake of the Economic Crisis »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction In 1991, Latvia inherited its pension system from the Soviet Union, including its low statutory retirement age (55 for women, 60 for men), high income replacement rates...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 30, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 30/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451932478

Keywords: monetary policy, financial markets, member countries, international monetary fund, financial system

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Recent publications

Recent publications »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 32/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451932539

Keywords: capital flows, capital inflows, capital markets, financial globalization, capital account, IMF financial globalization study,

Over the past decade, gross cross-border capital flows have surged, not only among industrial countries but also between industrial and developing countries. What impact has this had on developing countries? A rece...

Financial sector vital to growth in the Baltics

Financial sector vital to growth in the Baltics »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 33, Issue 06

Volume/Issue: 33/6

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451934472

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, exchange rates, capital account, financial system

David Burton, a U.K. national who has worked at the IMF since 1981, took over as Director of the Asia and Pacific Department in late 2002. Laura Wallace spoke with him about the dramatic changes that are now shapin...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 32/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451932539

Keywords: capital flows, capital inflows, capital markets, financial globalization, capital account, IMF financial globalization study,

Over the past decade, gross cross-border capital flows have surged, not only among industrial countries but also between industrial and developing countries. What impact has this had on developing countries? A rece...

Searching for Stability: Eastern Europe rode a decade-long boom into a serious bust and now must figure out how to I restart growth on a more even keel

Searching for Stability: Eastern Europe rode a decade-long boom into a serious bust and now must figure out how to I restart growth on a more even keel »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2010

Volume/Issue: 47/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2010

ISBN: 9781451922271

Keywords: financial sector, public debt, international monetary fund, debt, central banks

Asia Leading the Way explores how the region is moving into a leadership role in the world economy. The issue looks at Asia's biggest economy, China, which has relied heavily on exports to grow, and its need to inc...

Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises

Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises »

Source: Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises

Volume/Issue: 2014/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Leslie Lipschitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498389044

Keywords: crises, capital inflows, exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance, Globalization: General,

This paper describes the anatomy of two types of balance-sheet macroeconomic crises. Conventional balance-sheet crises are triggered by external imbalances and balance sheet vulnerabilities. They typically occur af...

Recent publications

Recent publications »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 30, Issue 09

Volume/Issue: 30/9

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451932478

Keywords: monetary policy, financial markets, member countries, international monetary fund, financial system

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In Brief

In Brief »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2009

Volume/Issue: 46/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451953688

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial markets, financial system, external debt, financial sector

Crisis Stalls Globalization: Reshaping the World Economy" examines the multiple facets of the recession-from the impact on individual economies to the effect on the global payments imbalances that were partially at...

Ireland: Migration: High Mobility

Ireland: Migration: High Mobility »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2009

Volume/Issue: 46/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451953688

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial markets, financial system, external debt, financial sector

Crisis Stalls Globalization: Reshaping the World Economy" examines the multiple facets of the recession-from the impact on individual economies to the effect on the global payments imbalances that were partially at...