Front Matter

Front Matter

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
October 1997
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Purposes of the Fund

  • The purposes of the International Monetary Fund are:
  • (i) To promote international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides the machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems.
  • (ii) To facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade, and to contribute thereby to the promotion and maintenance of high levels of employment and real income and to the development of the productive resources of all members as primary objectives of economic policy.
  • (iii) To promote exchange stability, to maintain orderly exchange arrangements among members, and to avoid competitive exchange depreciation.
  • (iv) To assist in the establishment of a multilateral system of payments in respect of current transactions between members and in the elimination of foreign exchange restrictions which hamper the growth of world trade.
  • (v) To give confidence to members by making the general resources of the Fund temporarily available to them under adequate safeguards, thus providing them with opportunity to correct maladjustments in their balance of payments without resorting to measures destructive of national or international prosperity.
  • (vi) In accordance with the above, to shorten the duration and lessen the degree of disequilibrium in the international balances of payments of members.
  • The Fund shall be guided in all its policies and decisions by the purposes set forth in this Article.
  • Article I of the Fund’s Articles of Agreement

The following conventions have been used in this Report:

… to indicate that data are not available;

— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown or that the item does not exist;

– between years or months (for example, 1996–97 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

/ between years or months (for example, 1996/97) to indicate a fiscal or financial year.

“Billion” means a thousand million; “trillion” means a thousand billion.

“Basis points” refer to hundredths of 1 percentage point (for example, 25 basis points are equivalent to ¼ of 1 percentage point).

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

The 1996/97 financial year began May 1, 1996 and ended April 30, 1997.

All references to dollars are to U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted; as of April 30, 1997, the SDR/U.S. dollar exchange rate was US$1 = SDR 0.732318, and the U.S. dollar/SDR exchange rate was SDR 1 = US$1.36553.

The official name of Zaïre was changed to Democratic Republic of the Congo on May 17, 1997.

As used in this Report, the term “country” does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. As used here, the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis.

International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 0250-7498

International Standard Book Number: ISBN 1-55775-674-0

International Monetary Fund

700 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A.

Tel.: (202) 623–7430 Telefax: (202) 623–7201




Executive Board and Senior Officers

International Monetary Fund
Managing Director and Chairman of the Executive Board
Michel Camdessus
First Deputy Managing Director
Stanley Fischer
Deputy Managing Directors
Alassane D. OuattaraShigemitsu Sugisaki
Executive DirectorsAlternate Executive DirectorsExecutive DirectorsAlternate Executive Directors
Karin LissakersBarry S. NewmanDinah Z. GutiJosé Pedro de Morais, Jr.
Bernd EsdarWolf-Dieter DoneckerEwen L. Waterman 1Jung-Ho Kang 2
Yukio YoshimuraHideaki OnoA. Shakour ShaalanYacoob Yousef Mohammed
Marc-Antoine AuthemanAmbroise FayolleZAMANI Abdul GhaniSubarjo Joyosumarto
Gus O’DonnellJon ShieldsAleksei V. MozhinAndrei Vernikov
Willy KiekensJohann PraderDaniel KaeserDanuta Gotz-Kozierkiewicz
J. de Beaufort WijnholdsYuriy G. YakushaAbbas MirakhorMohammed Dairi
Juan José ToribioJavier Guzmán-CalafellAlexandre KafkaVacant 3
Enzo R. GrilliNikolaos CoumbisM.R. SivaramanH.B. Disanayaka
Thomas A. BernesCharles X. O’LoghlinZHANG ZhixiangHAN Mingzhi
Eva SrejberBenny AndersenA. Guillermo ZoccaliNicolás Eyzaguirre
Abdulrahman A. Al-TuwaijriSulaiman M. Al-TurkiKoffi YaoAlexandre Barro Chambrier
Senior Officers
Michael Mussa Economic CounsellorVito Tanzi Director, Fiscal Affairs DepartmentReinhard Munzberg Secretary, Secretary’s DepartmentLindsay A. Wolfe Director, Office of Budget and Planning
K. Burke Dillon Director, Administration DepartmentMohsin S. Khan Director, IMF InstituteCarol S. Carson Director, Statistics DepartmentEduard Bran Director, Office of Internal Audit and Inspection
Evangelos A. Calamitsis Director, African DepartmentFrançois P. Gianviti General Counsel, Legal DepartmentDavid Williams Treasurer, Treasurer’s DepartmentKunio Saito Director, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Hubert Neiss Director, Asia and Pacific DepartmentPaul Chabrier Director, Middle Eastern DepartmentClaudio M. Loser Director, Western Hemisphere DepartmentChristian Brachet Director, Office in Europe (Paris)
Michael C. Deppler Director, European I DepartmentManuel Guitián Director, Monetary and Exchange Affairs DepartmentMassimo Russo Special Advisor to the Managing DirectorAlan A. Tait Director and Special
John Odling-Smee Director, European II DepartmentJack Boorman Director, Policy Development and Review DepartmentWarren N. Minami Director, Bureau of Computing ServicesTrade Representative, Office in Geneva J.B. Zulu Director and Special Representative to the UN, Office at the United Nations
Shailendra J. Anjaria Director, External Relations DepartmentMichael Mussa Director, Research DepartmentPatrice Guilmard Acting Director, Bureau of Language Services
Ian S. McDonald

Chief Editor

Effective May 10, 1997, Gregory Taylor replaced Ewen L. Waterman.

Effective May 1, 1997, Okyu Kwon replaced Jung-Ho Kang.

Effective May 1, 1997, the vacancy was filled by Hamid O’Brien.

Effective May 10, 1997, Gregory Taylor replaced Ewen L. Waterman.

Effective May 1, 1997, Okyu Kwon replaced Jung-Ho Kang.

Effective May 1, 1997, the vacancy was filled by Hamid O’Brien.

Board of Governors, Executive Board, Interim Committee, and Development Committee

The Board of Governors, the highest decision-making body of the Fund, consists of one governor and one alternate governor for each member country. The governor is appointed by the member country and is usually the minister of finance or the governor of the central bank. All powers of the Fund are vested in the Board of Governors. The Board of Governors may delegate to the Executive Board all except certain reserved powers. The Board of Governors normally meets once a year.

The Executive Board (the Board) is responsible for conducting the day-to-day business of the Fund. It is composed of 24 Directors, who are appointed or elected by member countries or by groups of countries, and the Managing Director, who serves as its Chairman. The Board usually meets several times each week. The Executive Board carries out its work largely on the basis of papers prepared by Fund management and staff. In 1996/97, the Board spent more than half of its time on member country matters (Article IV consultations and reviews and approvals of arrangements) and most of its remaining time on policy issues (such as the world economic outlook, developments in international capital markets, the Fund’s financial resources, surveillance, data issues, the debt situation, and issues related to Fund facilities and program design).

The Interim Committee of the Board of Governors on the International Monetary System is an advisory body made up of 24 Fund governors, ministers, or other officials of comparable rank, representing the same constituencies as in the Fund’s Executive Board. The Interim Committee normally meets twice a year, in April or May, and at the time of the Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors in September or October. Among its responsibilities are to advise and report to the Board of Governors on issues regarding the management and adaptation of the international monetary system, including sudden disturbances that might threaten the international monetary system, and on proposals to amend the Articles of Agreement.

The Development Committee (the Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the Bank and the Fund on the Transfer of Real Resources to Developing Countries) is composed of 24 members—finance ministers or other officials of comparable rank—and generally meets at the same time as the Interim Committee. It advises and reports to the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and the Fund on all aspects of the transfer of real resources to developing countries.

Letter of Transmittal to the Board of Governors

July 9, 1997

Dear Mr. Chairman:

I have the honor to present to the Board of Governors the Annual Report of the Executive Board for the financial year ended April 30, 1997, in accordance with Article XII, Section 7(a) of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund and Section 10 of the Fund’s By-Laws. In accordance with Section 20 of the By-Laws, the administrative and capital budgets of the Fund approved by the Executive Board for the financial year ending April 30, 1998 are presented in Appendix IX. The audited financial statements for the year ended April 30, 1997 of the General Department, the SDR Department, accounts administered by the Fund, and the Staff Retirement Plan and the Supplemental Retirement Benefit Plan, together with reports of the External Audit Committee thereon, are presented in Appendix X.

Yours sincerely,

Michel Camdessus

Chairman of the Executive Board

Chairman of the Board of Governors

International Monetary Fund

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