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Article

World Economy in Transition: Food production and prices

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Published Date:
December 1985
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Agriculture as a percentage of GDP, by regions1
Region/country196219721982
Low income46.140.836.1
Asia and Pacific45.640.735.6
China44.537.236.9
India46.846.133.1
Sub-Saharan Africa50.741.840.8
Middle income, non-oil21.316.513.3
Middle income oil exporters22.918.714.1
Indonesia59.040.929.8
Malaysia35.427.822.6
Industrial market economies5.94.23.3
World10.78.06.7

Measured in current prices.

Measured in current prices.

Growth in cereal production, by regions, 1963–83

(Average annual percentage change)

Region/country1963–731973–83
Low income2.73.5
Asia and Pacific2.83.6
China2.73.9
India3.62.9
Sub-Saharan Africa1.42.4
Middle income, non-oil2.72.4
Asia2.62.9
Middle East and North Africa1.6–1.9
Sub-Saharan Africa4.8–1.2
Southern Europe1.82.8
Latin America and Caribbean2.92.7
Middle income oil exporters3.53.7
Indonesia5.75.0
Malaysia6.2–0.4
Middle East2.73.4
North Africa2.10.7
Sub-Saharan Africa0.71.6
Latin America and Caribbean3.54.9
All developing countries12.83.3
Industrial market economies2.92.3
East Europe nonmarket5.1–0.2
World3.32.4

Excluding high income oil exporters.

Excluding high income oil exporters.

Cereal prices, 1950-84

1983 dollars per metric ton

Agricultural growth in selected developing countries, 1963–83

Sources World Bank and FAO data

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